Occupational therapy promotes health by enabling people to perform meaningful and purposeful occupations. Occupation can be defined as “active process of living: from the beginning to the end of life, … occupations are all the active processes of looking after ourselves and others, enjoying life, and being socially and economically productive over the lifespan and in various contexts”[1] These include (but are not limited to) work, leisure, self care, domestic and community activities.

Occupational therapists work with individuals, families, groups, communities and organizations to facilitate health, well-being and justice through engagement in occupation. Occupational therapists help their clients work towards a more independent life with the feeling of accomplishment. They want their clients to have the chance to live well and accept whatever problems they have to overcome, by finding new ways to manage them. Occupational therapists are becoming increasingly involved in addressing the impact of social, political and environmental factors that contribute to exclusion and occupational deprivation


  • Occupation has an effect on health and well-being.
  • Occupation creates structure and organizes time.
  • Occupation brings meaning to life, culturally and personally.
  • Occupations are individual. People value different occupations